Here is a well-thought article detailing the differing visions (positive and negative) of peasant agriculture. It refers to a new report from the World Economic Forum, which I have not yet read but intend to.
This other article describes a very unique initiative by the government of Bhutan to convert all its agriculture to organic farming. In a mountainous country with complex peasant agriculture and natural limitations to large-scale, industrialized farming, this may be a very smart move. Time will tell.